Diabetes Mellitus is a disease where the blood sugar level of glucose is at an abnormally high level. If left untreated it can lead to death. This condition is usually due to a lack of production of insulin by the pancreas. Causes of this lack of production can be due to destruction of the pancreas, heredity, viral or bacterial insult, autoimmune disorders, conditions resulting in resistance to insulin, and certain pharmaceuticals to name a few.
Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus are:
- increased appetite
- weight loss
- increased thirst
- increase in frequency of urination
- secondary problems with the kidneys and bladder
- Cataract formations
A combination of blood and urine tests with a physical can help diagnose this condition.
Once there is a diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus, it can usually be treated with insulin injections and sometimes oral medication.